The first phase of writing any college essay is to develop a definitive thesis statement and to write an eye-catching introduction. After that, you can gather information to support your thesis, outline your essay’s key points, and draft your body paragraphs. To complete your essay, you must develop a compelling essay conclusion that summarizes what your paper entails. How to write an essay conclusion:

Conclusions are frequently considered the most challenging section to draft in an essay. A conclusion is also one of the most critical parts of a paper because it provides clarity and insight into your discussion topic. This article will help you understand how to end an essay, list the various types of conclusions, highlight the essay conclusion structure, and provide an outline and examples of a proper conclusion paragraph.

What is an essay conclusion?

Before we dive into the details of an essay conclusion, let’s discuss what an essay conclusion entails. According to the general definition, it is the final part of something and can be considered the outcome or end. The term conclusion is overly broad and imprecise.

A conclusion statement in academic writing corresponds to a perception, decision, recommendation, or position reached after logical reasoning. You can compose a conclusion by providing logical arguments in your essay’s body.

Are you having trouble writing a compelling essay conclusion? Below are some tips you should consider before drafting your conclusion.

Easy steps to writing an eye-catching conclusion

1.      Summarise your thesis statement using supporting evidence

The primary purpose of the conclusion is to persuade your reader that your argument is solid. In contrast to the introduction paragraph, which states, “Here’s what I’ll demonstrate and how,” the conclusion paragraph states, “Here’s what I established and how.” In that sense, the first and second paragraphs should be nearly identical, with the conclusion elaborating more about the thesis introduced at the beginning of the essay.

Follow these cheat codes to restate your thesis statement effectively:

  • Carefully reread your introduction to outline the key arguments of your paper.
  • Throughout the essay, pay close attention to the facts you used to write your thesis.
  • In your conclusion, rephrase the thesis and contextualize your main points and facts. 
  • Use past tense phrases such as “as expressed” and “this paper defined.”

2.      Provide recent and intriguing insights

In addition to reaffirming the thesis statement, a conclusion should elaborate more on the significance of the essay’s argument by expanding on it. In other words, you want to expand on your ideas well outside your thesis. One fascinating perspective at the end can leave your instructor contemplating your paper long after they’ve finished reading it. This is a good indication that you submitted a well-written essay.

It is important to remember that the conclusion section should only acknowledge that this new idea occurs and deserves some attention in the future. It would be best if you did not go into detail about the idea or attempt to provide a new argument. The new perspective you present in your conclusion should preferably come from previous research. Always make a note to remind yourself to mention any new ideas that might occur while writing your body paragraphs.

Here are some common starting points that you can use to introduce any new points: 

  • A fresh perspective that would have inspired you to revise your thesis if you had the time
  • A different perspective that would support your thesis
  • Evidence you discovered that contradicts your argument but that you can justify anyway
  • A new topic on which to implement the same thesis or perspectives

3.      Create a personal relationship with your audience

The final step in drafting a conclusion paragraph is to provide a brief biographical note about yourself. These details will enable you to form a more personal connection with your audience. It will also help you stand out, and your audience will remember you better. Consider this step a chance to connect the academic research to your personal experiences and those of your readers.

First- and second-person pronouns like “I” and “you” are typically avoided in official essay writing. The introduction and conclusion paragraphs are the only exceptions to this rule. You can take this opportunity to discuss your personal experiences.

You can include the phrases “I” or “me” once in the introduction to emphasize that the essay’s argument is your own. You can also use first-person pronouns in the essay conclusion to try to create an emotional bond with your audience, as long as this connection is linked in some way to the overarching statement.

Different types of conclusion

Despite the fact that different sources cite multiple kinds of conclusions, they all serve one of three primary functions:

1.      Summarization

This style is frequently used in professional writing with a more clinical tone, like surveys, definitions, and reports. It is most commonly used in long articles where audiences will want a reminder of the essay’s key points because it restates the core concepts. As a result, it should avoid self-referential or personal ideas such as “in my opinion” or “I feel”.

2.      Editorialization

Editorialization is most commonly used in essays with a contentious topic, a personal connection, or an attempt to convince the reader. This style features the writer’s discussion on the subject matter and frequently expresses the writer’s personal involvement in the topic in discussion. An anecdote and conversational tone will be used in this form of conclusion to bring attention to issues, understandings, personal beliefs, politics, or feelings.

3.      Externalization

An externalized conclusion refers to a shift into related but different topics that lead the audience to create the discussion in essays that approach a specific issue that is part of a much more complicated topic. It is frequently regarded as a new introduction that includes an entirely different thesis which provides room for development into another potential essay.

What to include in an essay conclusion?

The purpose of the conclusion is to restate the essay’s arguments and thesis statement. In other words, it offers closure and demonstrates that you have achieved the article’s goal. To ensure the effectiveness of your conclusion, including the following key elements:

  • Convey the significance of your ideas and the subject matter
  • End the essay in an optimistic way
  • Reaffirm and clarify your main points to give the reader a sense of closure
  • Paraphrase your thesis statement and then summarise it
  • Give your reader a sense of completion

Conclusion paragraph outline

The total number of words in your final paragraph will vary based on how many points you discussed in your essay and the overall word count needed for your paper. The general conclusion paragraph outline, on the other hand, will remain the same and will include the following essential components:

1.      A transitional phrase

The first section of your paragraph should direct readers’ full attention to your thesis statement. The best way to begin your conclusion and make it convincing is to rephrase your thesis statement.  

2.      Summarize your body paragraphs

After a review of your thesis, including a few sentences that summarize the key highlights and arguments from the body of your essay. Depending on how many arguments you’ve made, this section of your conclusion can be as short as 2-3 sentences. You can also describe to the audience how your key points match up together if necessary.

3.      A closing statement

Finally, conclude your paragraph using a potent sentence that leaves a lasting impression, provides a sense of rational comprehensiveness and links your audience back to the paper’s introduction.

An ideal essay conclusion consists of these three essential components. To provide you with a better understanding of how to write a perfect conclusion, here is a sample conclusion paragraph outline with illustrations from an argumentative essay titled “Every Child Should Own a Pet:

  • Sentence 1:Intro

Thesis “Though small children may find it difficult to care for a pet. Parents should not forbid their children from having pets because it enables them grow into more responsible and caring individuals.”

Reaffirm the thesis in your conclusion: “I can say that caring for a pet is beneficial to every child.”

  • Sentences 2-4: Summarizing the main arguments

“Study results have shown that pet lovers have fewer health problems in general.”

“Having a pet teaches a child responsibility.”

“Spending time with a pet relieves stress, isolation, and anxiety.”

  • Sentence 5: A closing statement

“Pets can really improve a child’s life, so don’t be afraid to support your child’s wish to own a pet.”

A good example of an essay conclusion

Below is an example of how an ideal conclusion paragraph should be:

“Despite the considerable debate, it is evident that democratic leadership is the best method of management for the modern workplace. This is illustrated by the fact that, in the past century, staff members have become progressively educated and competent. There is an increasing focus on independence, creativity, and free thought, which means that team members are recognizing that they have something valuable to contribute that could provide a valuable perspective. For these reasons, democratic leadership, in which input and opposing viewpoints are welcomed, should be adopted by the majority of organizations.”

Bottom line

This guide has every important detail you need to understand on how to write an essay conclusion. We hope you enjoyed this article as much as we did preparing it. At, we can also help you conclude your essay as we pepper you with knowledge on how to end an essay. Our essay writers will help you write a first-class essay and achieve the best grade.

All you have to do is send us a “write my essay for me” request for me at Our customer representatives will respond to your request immediately.